Business and project processes or methods are collections of related, structured activities or tasks that produce a specific service or product. These can often be visualized with a flowchart as a sequence of activities with decision points or a process matrix as a sequence of activities with rules based on data in the process.

Synonyms: 

Commissioning and Startup is defined as the transitional phase between plant construction completion and commercial operations.  It encompasses all activities that bridge these two phases, including systems turnover, checkout of systems, commissioning of systems, introduction of feedstocks, and performance testing.

Synonyms: 

Refers to standards, methods, and practices used during the construction phase of a project.

Synonyms: 

Construction technology refers to the collection of innovative tools, machinery, modifications, software, etc. used during the construction phase of a project that enables advancement in field construction methods, including semi-automated and automated construction equipment.

Synonyms: 

Establishing design requirements is normally performed at the same time as the feasibility analysis. The design requirements control the design of the project throughout the engineering design process. Some design requirements include hardware and software parameters, maintainability, availability, and testability.

Synonyms: 

General information about the Construction Industry Institute that includes annual reports, special anniversary books and publications, emerging trends, and governance.

Synonyms: 

Human resource management is a function in organizations designed to maximize employee performance in service of their employer’s strategic objectives. HR is primarily concerned with how people are managed within organizations, focusing on policies and systems. HR departments and units in organizations are typically responsible for a number of activities, including employee recruitment, training and development, performance appraisal, and rewarding (e.g., managing pay and benefit systems). HR is also concerned with industrial relations, that is, the balancing of organizational practices with regulations arising from collective bargaining and governmental laws.
 

Synonyms: 

Information management is the collection and management of information. Information management has become a powerful resource and a large expense, as well as risk, for many organizations.

Synonyms: 

An integrated process for planning and controlling all necessary efforts to make certain that the quality and quantity of materials and equipment are appropriately specified in a timely manner, are obtained at a reasonable cost, and are available when needed.

Synonyms: 

Modularization refers to the use of offsite construction and includes all substantial offsite construction and assembly of components and areas of the finished project. Examples include:

  • Skid assemblies of equipment and instrumentation that naturally ship to the site in one piece, and require minimal on-site reassembly.
  • Super-skids of assemblies of components that typically represent substantial portions of the plant, intended to be installed in a building.
  • Prefabricated modules comprising both industrial plant components and architecturally finished enclosures.
Modularization does not include offsite fabrication of components.Examples of work that would be excluded from the definition of modularization include:
  • Fabrication of the component pieces of a structural framework
  • Fabrication of piping spool-piece

Synonyms: 

The systematic process of measuring an organization’s performance against recognized leaders for the purpose of determining best practices that lead to superior performance when adapted and utilized.

Synonyms: 

Procurement is the acquisition of goods, services or works from an outside external source.  Corporations and public bodies often define processes intended to promote fair and open competition for their business while minimizing exposure to fraud and collusion.
A contract is a mutually acceptable written or oral agreement that legally binds the parties to the terms and conditions outlined in the agreement. Contracts can be of many types, e.g. sales contracts (including leases), purchasing contracts, partnership agreements, trade agreements, and intellectual property agreements.

Synonyms: 

Professional development refers to the acquisition of skills, experience and knowledge, both for personal development and for career advancement. Professional development encompasses all types of facilitated learning opportunities, ranging from college degrees to formal coursework, conferences and informal learning opportunities situated in practice. There are a variety of approaches to professional development, including consultation, coaching, communities of practice, lesson study, mentoring, reflective supervision and technical assistance.
 

Synonyms: 

Project Management is the process and activity of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling resources, procedures and protocols to achieve specific goals (products, services, etc.). The primary challenge of project management is to achieve all of the project goals and objectives while honoring the preconceived constraints. The primary constraints are scope, time, quality and budget. The secondary — and more ambitious — challenge is to optimize the allocation of necessary inputs and integrate them to meet pre-defined objectives.
 
Program Management is the process of managing several related projects.  The program manager has oversight of the purpose and status of the projects in a program and can use this oversight to support project-level activity to ensure the program goals are met.
 

Synonyms: 

Project Controls is a process that encompasses the resources, procedures, and tools for the planning, monitoring, and controlling of all phases of the capital project lifecycle. This includes estimating, cost and schedule management, risk management, change management, earned value progressing, and forecasting.

Synonyms: 

The project organization (or project team) is a group of persons organized to perform a project within an enterprise.  Communications is the process of determining the information and communications needs of the project stakeholders: who they are, what is their level of interest and influence on the project, who needs what information, when will they need it, and how it will be given to them.

Synonyms: 

The essential process of developing sufficient strategic information with which owners can address risk and make decisions to commit resources in order to maximize the potential for a successful project. FEP is often perceived as synonymous with front-end engineering design (FEED), front end loading (FEL), pre-project planning (PPP), feasibility analysis, programming and conceptual planning.

Synonyms: 

Quality Management incorporates all activities conducted to improve the efficiency, contract compliance and cost effectiveness of design, engineering, procurement, QA/QC, construction, and start-up elements of construction projects.

Synonyms: 

The identification, assessment, and prioritization of risks followed by coordinated application of resources to minimize, monitor, and control the probability and/or impact of unfortunate events or to maximize the realization of opportunities. The strategies to manage threats (uncertainties with negative consequences) typically include transferring the threat to another party, avoiding the threat, reducing the negative effect or probability of the threat, or even accepting some or all of the potential or actual consequences of a particular threat.

Synonyms: 

Safety is the control of recognized hazards to achieve an acceptable level of risk. This can take the form of being protected from the event or from exposure to something that causes health or economic losses.  It can include protection of people or of possessions.  Zero accident techniques include the site-specific safety programs and the implementation, auditing, and incentive efforts undertaken to create a project environment and a level of training that embraces the culture that all accidents are preventable and that zero accidents is an obtainable goal.

Synonyms: 

Sustainability refers to development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. This includes economic development, social development and environmental protection. Broadly defined, sustainable development is a systems approach to growth and development and to manage natural, produced, and social capital for the welfare of current and future needs.

Environmental sustainability concerns the natural environment and how it endures and remains diverse and productive. Environmental sustainability requires society to design activities to meet human needs while preserving the life support systems of the planet, including implementing water conservation, utilizing renewable energy, recycling, and use of sustainable material supplies

Security is the protection from harm. It applies to any vulnerable and valuable asset, such as a person, dwelling, community, nation, or organization. Security provides a form of protection where a separation is created between the assets and the threat. These separations are generically called controls, and sometimes include changes to the asset or the threat.

Synonyms: