Real-time Pro-Active Safety in Construction

RT-269 Topic Summary
RT 269


The primary goal of RT-269 was to demonstrate how existing technology can be used to record and warn construction personnel of the presence of hazards in real-time. Various devices were evaluated that warn construction personnel of the presence of potential hazards in real time. Other devices were evaluated that record location, proximity, and trajectory data of construction resources (i.e., workers, equipment, and materials) in real time. Field tests were done to evaluate application to construction operations and to assess worker receptiveness to the use of the technology using survey and interview techniques.

The research and field tests concluded that the personal and equipment protection devices were both effective at alerting personnel of the danger of close proximity to heavy equipment (improving situational awareness). The 3D visualization tracking technology was effective to monitor the locations of workers, equipment, and materials. Workers were generally receptive to wearing of the technology and acknowledge its potential to prevent incidents.

Additional research is recommended into several areas including factors that affect signal propagation and transmission, and worker reaction/acceptance of the devices.

Key Findings and Implementation Tools

1 : Project Scope and Complexity

These two factors determine the level of technology use. Early decision-making and the involvement of all project stakeholders drive implementation success. (RS269-1, p. 28)
Reference: (RS269-1)

2 : Application of Technology for Safety

The purpose is to understand how and where technology may be best applied in the safety management system. A spectrum of technologies exist for proximity warning, alert, tracking and monitoring, and remote real-time data visualization. (RS269-1, p. 3)
Reference: (RS269-1)

3 : Technology Literate Participants

Project personnel with safety and advanced technology expertise can enact the selection and use of real-time pro-active technology early in the project. (RS269-1, p. 21)
Reference: (RS269-1)

4 : Early Worker Involvement

Having workers actively involved early in the process is a key factor in successfully adopting technology. Workers are generally receptive to adapting technology, once they understand the purpose of the technology. (RS269-1, p. 21)
Reference: (RS269-1)

5 : Successful Implementation

Implementation depends on overcoming the industry’s lack of awareness of the benefits and opportunities offered by real-time pro-active technologies. (RS269-1, p. 28)
Reference: (RS269-1)

6 : Technology Testing

Adequate testing of technology in site environments plays a critical role in successful site implementation. Extensive pre-planning and discussions are essential to achieve optimal performance. (RS269-1, p. 16)
Reference: (RS269-1)

7 : Real-time Safety Technology Adds Value

Pro-active use of safety technology across project levels enhances existing safety management practices and other goals (e.g., improves communication and the recording of incidents, and progress-tracking methodologies) and is an additional barrier in the safety program to protect from hazards. (RS269-1, p. 29)
Reference: (RS269-1)

8 : Implementation Tool #1

IR269-2, Real-time Pro-active Safety in Construction

This resource presents recommendations on applying technology to enhance safety policies and procedures already in place. Tools include:
  • Framework for Real-Time Pro-Active Technology to Enhance Construction Safety
  • Steps for Implementing Technology to Enhance Construction Safety
Reference: (IR269-2)

Key Performance Indicators

Improved safety

Research Publications

Real-Time, Pro-Active Safety in Construction - RR269-11

Publication Date: 10/2011 Type: Research Report Pages: 100 Status: Reference

Real-time Pro-active Safety in Construction - IR269-2

Publication Date: 02/2011 Type: Implementation Resource Pages: 7 Status: Tool

Real-time Pro-active Safety in Construction, Version 1.1 - RS269-1

Publication Date: 08/2010 Type: Research Summary Pages: 31 Status: Supporting Product

Presentations from CII Events

Plenary Session - Technology Applied to Construction Safety

Publication Date: 07/2010 Presenter: Number of Slides: 14 Event Code: AC10

Implementation Session - Technology Applied to Construction Safety

Publication Date: 07/2010 Presenter: Number of Slides: 33 Event Code: AC10