Target Safety: Programs Focused on Preventing Specific Injuries (Best Practice)

RT-216 Topic Summary
RT 216


The focus of a target safety program can vary. They can be focused on preventing causes of injuries, such as struck-by injuries or trench cave-in accidents. Others might be focused on preventing injuries to the back, eyes, hands, or feet. Clearly, the focus can be quite diverse and is largely determined by the nature of the specific hazards that appear to be plaguing a particular project. It was the objective of this research effort to examine various target programs and identify some common elements that existed among them that led to their effective development and implementation. If a consistent pattern could be identified, a model or template by which other target safety programs could be developed and implemented. 

After studying 10 case studies from 10 different and widely-varied projects, it was determined that newly created, successful target safety programs did follow a recurring and relatively consistent pattern in their evolution from development to implementation. Target safety programs can and should be employed to help projects, regardless of the type of work being performed or company size, to achieve zero injuries.

Key Findings and Implementation Tools

1 : Target Safety Program Template

The development and implementation steps of the case-study target safety programs followed a similar pattern despite variations in the severity of the injuries or incidents that sparked motivation and in the financial investment of the company in the program.

These steps were documented into a template. The template can aid in the initiation and development of new target safety programs based on addressing specific hazards. This “Target Safety Template” takes a 9-step approach and demonstrates the stages necessary to properly implement target safety programs in order to maximize hazard awareness, to reduce injuries, and to promote a healthy worker/management relationship. (RS216-1, p. 15)
Reference: (RS216-1)

2 : Targeted Safety Programs

The success of targeted programs was not influenced by such variables as size of project, duration of project, size of the workforce, type of labor climate, motivation for implementing the program, etc. Given the wide variety of projects and programs comprising the case-study population, it was concluded that a target safety program can be successful in virtually any construction project setting. (RS216-1, p. 14)
Reference: (RS216-1)

3 : Additional Recommendations

In addition to identifying and documenting the recommended steps for developing and implementing target safety programs, RT-216 provided two additional recommendations from analysis of case-study data that characterize successful target safety programs. (RS216-1, p. 20)

  • Target safety programs should be employed to help projects achieve zero injuries.
  • Adopt the Target Safety Template for implementing target safety programs.
Reference: (RS216-1)

4 : Implementation Tool #1

RS216-1,Target Safety Program Template

A step-by-step approach demonstrating the nine stages necessary to successfully implement target safety programs to maximize risk awareness and promote worker ownership in the program. (RS216-1, p. 15)
Reference: (RS216-1)

Key Performance Indicators

Improved safety

Research Publications

Targeted Safety Programs - RS216-1

Publication Date: 10/2006 Type: Research Summary Pages: 21 Status: Tool

Target Safety: Programs Focused on Preventing Specific Hazards - RR216-11

Publication Date: 07/2006 Type: Research Report Pages: 112 Status: Reference

Presentations from CII Events

Plenary Session - The Journey to Zero Continues

Publication Date: 06/2006 Presenter: Number of Slides: 17 Event Code: AC06

Implementation Session - The Journey to Zero Continues

Publication Date: 06/2006 Presenter: Number of Slides: 13 Event Code: AC06

Session - Beyong the Usual Suspects: CII Targeted Safety Programs

Publication Date: Presenter: Number of Slides: 39 Event Code: PIW408